عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the key components of Manichean myths is related to resurrection and eschatology narratives. Although, generally speaking, different Manichaean narratives, written by members of different sects and languages have a compatible narrative point of view and attitude towards resurrection, there are considerable differences between these points of view and attitudes as well. In the present study, when it comes to the issue of resurrection in Manichean myths, the narrative differences between Parthian Turfani texts and Coptic Kephalaia are reviewed. Parthian Turfani texts and Coptic Kephalaia are respectively written by Manicheans of Central Asia (who belonged to Dinawariyeh Sect) and Manicheans of Egypt. In both narrative points of view, a part of light is eternally imprisoned by darkness. Due to the differences in worldviews and differences in cultural and ideological factors, the key narrative variations of the texts in disclosure of resurrection can be summarized as follows: 1- In Turfani texts, gods do not lament the eternal imprisonment of light in darkness. However, in Kephalaia, gods lament this event gravely. 2- In Turfani texts, gods do not have humane characteristics such as lamentation, fear, sadness, but in Kephalaia, gods have been inflicted by such humane feelings and have been represented in more mundane terms. 3- In Turfani texts, the key reason of light’s imprisonment in darkness is the overall skepticism towards promises of salvation. In Kephalaia, hope does not play any part in the narrative development of the texts. At the end, the study the impacts of cultural and ideological factors of Persia and Egypt on materialization of these differences is reviewed.