عنوان مقاله [English]
The point of the beginning of literary transformation in contemporary Afghanistan is the constitutional movement. The Constitutional Poetry, as the first contemporary poetry stream, made a profound transformation in the content and poem of Afghanistan. This transformation could pave the way for further developments and the emergence of other currents in Afghan poetry, but the failure of the movement and the return of tyranny prevented this from happening. After the Constitutional Revolution in Afghanistan, the flow of romantic poetry began And in the final years of the AleYaha rule, the poetry of resistance began with two branches of poetry of socialist resistance and poetry of Islamic resistance. This paper attempts to examine the Socio-political factors affecting the development of contemporary poetry in Afghanistan, through the descriptive-analytical method, from the beginning of the constitutional movement Until the fall of the reign of Zahir Shah. Findings of the research show that After the defeat of the Constitutional Movement in Afghanistan, the poets have fallen into a pile of individuality and returned to lyrical themes before the Constitutional Revolution. The only sweeping poetry until the fifties in the country was romanticism that came from the tyranny of the era of oppression, which is strongly influenced by poems by romantic poets in Iran. Other poetry currents, such as socialist realism, Islamic resistance poetry, and avant-garde poetry have gradually developed in Afghanistan since the late 1960s and early 1950s.