Investigation of the History of Political Changes and the Role of Taliban Rule in Khaled Hosseini's Novel: The Kite Runner

Document Type : علمی - پژوهشی


1 . PhD Candidate of Persian Language and Literature, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Persian Language and Literature, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran


Afghanistan has witnessed several transformations throughout the last decades. These shifts, which have undeniably had a diverse array of undeniable repercussions on the Afghan community, encompass civil wars, armed conflicts, and the establishment of new governments with different ideological and political frameworks, particularly the emergence of the Taliban. The consequences of these developments are depicted in the literary works of contemporary Afghan authors. For example, Khaled Hosseini's novel, The Kite Runner, portrays the intricate political system, the unstable society, and the destiny of those confined within it. The primary aim of this article is to investigate the political changes and the role of the Taliban government and its influence on the fate of Afghans, as depicted in this novel. As a realistic author, Khaled Hosseini has closely observed a broad spectrum of events and endeavoured to convey the social, economic, political, and cultural dysfunctions of his community through the characters and events of his works. The findings of this descriptive-analytical investigation reveal that the most evident and consequential political factors that impacted individual lives are racial and ethnic disparities, class-based discrimination, warfare and displacement, acts of murder and massacre, feelings of insecurity, migration, economic poverty, the deplorable condition of women and children, physical and mental illnesses, the implementation of repressive legislation, the erosion of human values, and cultural stagnation. These are the outcomes of political shifts that made the Afghans face serious challenges in life. The Kite Runner can be construed as an outline of the chronicle of modern Afghanistan, which depicts occurrences spanning decades in the country, commencing with the insurrection against Zahir Shah and concluding with the consequences of the September 11 attacks; the books is characterized by an impactful storytelling and plot.